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Publications of the Institute

  • Notulae MPRI 1001 -- Table of ray identification schemes for nonluidiid Asteroidea

  • Contribution No. 9 -- Origin and significance of Lovén’s Law in echinoderms. authors C.R.C. Paul, University of Bristol, and F.H.C. Hotchkiss. …submitted September 2019 to Journal of Paleontology.

  • Contribution No. 8 -- Fossil echinoderm collections at the Yale Peabody Museum. authors Susan H. Butts, Yale Peabody Museum, and Fred H. C. Hotchkiss. Poster and abstract,, 10th European Conference on Echinoderms, 16-19 September 2019. Borissiak Paleontological Institute RAS.

  • Contribution No. 7 -- Fossil Wood from Martha”s Vineyard, Massachusetts. authors Jim Mills, MillsGeological.com, and Fred Hotchkiss, MPRInstitute.org. 2019. Rocks & Minerals 94:366-369.

  • Contribution No. 6 -- Growth zones and extraxial-axial skeletal homologies in Asteroidea. Hotchkiss, F.H.C. 2012. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125(2):106-121.

  • Contribution No. 5 -- An arm-stump specimen of Archaster angulatus Muller & Troschel, 1842 (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) [abstract]. Hotchkiss, F.H.C. and J.K. Keesing. 2012. Gulf of Mexico Science 29(2):144-145

  • Contribution No. 4 -- Observations on Onychaster (Ophiuroidea: Onychasteridae) (Famennian - Visean Age). Hotchkiss, F.H.C. and A. Glass. 2012. Zoosymposia 7:121-138.

  • Contribution No. 3 -- Arm stumps and regeneration models in Asteroidea (Echinodermata). Hotchkiss, F.H.C. 2009. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 122(3):342-354.

  • Contribution No. 2 -- Bdellacoma in the Hunsrück Slate (Lower Devonian, Germany): Reidentification of Urasterella verruculosa (Asteroidea, Bdellacomidae). Hotchkiss, F.H.C., and A. Glass. 2010. Pp. 15-21 in Echinoderms: Durham, Proceedings of the 12th International Echinoderm Conference, Durham, New Hampshire, USA, 7-11 August 2006, L.G. Harris, S.A. Böttger, C.W. Walker & M.P. Lesser (eds.), CRC Press/Balkema,Leiden, 679 pp.

  • Contribution No. 1 -- Isolated ossicles of the Family Eospondylidae Spencer et Wright, 1966, in the Lower Devonian of Bohemia (Czech Republic) and correction of the systematic position of eospondylid brittlestars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Oegophiurida). Hotchkiss, F.H.C., Rudolf J. Prokop and Václav Petr. 2007. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, series B Historia Naturalis 63(1):3-18.

Recent sightings

What is a factor to determine the arm number of starfish Asterina pectinifera? 2015, by Y. Ohno and M. Mita. Bull. Tokyo Gakugei Uiv. Div. Nat. Sci. 67:25-31. [In Japanese]

Regional differences of ray number variation in a starfish, Patiria pectinifera, 2014, by Osamu Kawase and Ryohei Furukawa. Link to document

Arm swapping autograft shows functional equivalency of five arms in sea stars, 2019 preprint, by Daiki Wakita, Hitoshi Aonuma, and Shin Tochinai. Link to bioRxiv document

Asterozoans from the Ludlow Series (Upper Silurian) of Leintwardine, Herefordshire, UK, by David J. Gladwell. Papers in Palaeontology, 2018: pp. 1-60.

Phylogenomic resolution of the Class Ophiuroidea unlocks a global microfossil record, by T. D. O’Hara, A. F. Hugall, B. Thuy, and A. Moussalli. 2014. Current Biology 24, 1874–1879.

Evolutionary and ecological significance of Lepidaster grayi, the earliest multiradiate starfish, by Liam G. Herringshaw, M. Paul Smith and Alan T. Thomas. 2007. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 150:743-754. Link to abstract

Pyritized tube feet in a protasterid ophiuroid from the Upper Ordovician of Kentucky, U.S.A., by Alexander Glass. 2006. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 51(1):171-184. Link to PDF

Click here for an electronic version of the Challenger Expedition reports. It is an amazing resource, with text and all the plates as well. Brought to our attention June 2006 thanks to Dr. Philip Lambert, Curator of Invertebrates, Royal British Columbia Museum.

Early Triassic ophiuroids: their paleoecology, taphonomy, and distribution, by R. J.Twitchett, J. M. Feinberg, D. D. O'Connor, W. J. Alvarez and L. B. McCollum. 2005. PALAIOS 20:213-223. Link to PDF

A starfish with three-dimensionally preserved soft parts from the Silurian of England, by M. D. Sutton, D. E. G. Briggs, David J. Siveter, Derek J. Siveter and D. J. Gladwell. 2005. Proc. R. Soc. B. 272:1001-1006. An important paper on the Silurian stelleroid Bdellacoma Link to PDF


Bibliography of Paleozoic Asterozoa

This bibliography is compiled by F. H. C. Hotchkiss as a continuing project. It was started in 1971. Over the years Vaclav Petr has been especially helpful in contributing to the compilation. The bibliography is added to and edited as time permits throughout each year. The bibliography is annotated at the whim of, and for the benefit of the compiler. The compiler disclaims any standard of completeness or consistency for these annotations. There is a working copy MS word file for each letter of the alphabet. Approximately once per year the latest version of the files is converted to pdf files that are put onto the MPRI website to share with scientists, students and the interested public. We hope that it will be of use to you.

Click on the letters A to Z to access the bibliography.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Last updated: May 2016

sunflower sea star


Come celebrate National Fossil Day with MPRI at the Oak Bluffs Public Library -- Thursday, 17 October 2019, from 4pm to 7:45pm. This event is free and for all ages -- students to grandparents. We are thrilled to say that National Fossil Day on Martha’s Vineyard is partially supported by a grant from the Martha’s Vineyard Cultural Council, a local agency which is supported by the Massachusetts Cultural Council, a state agency.

Looking back
In May we took fossil programs for seniors to Windemere Nursing and Rehabilitation Center and in June to The Anchors Senior Center in Edgartown in collaboration with the Martha's Vineyard Center for Living and in collaboration with the MV Museum.

In April Susie Bowman
and Fred Hotchkiss presented
Horseshoe Crabs: A Story of Beach Trysts and Blue Bloods,
a free lecture and slide show about lives and history of horseshoe crabs and opportunities to be involved in the Horseshoe Crab Citizen Science Survey Project -- at the West Tisbury, Edgartown and Oak Bluffs libraries

In March we visited two 8th grade science classes of Mrs. Connie Alexander in Tisbury, bringing a range of fossils for study and discussion.

In March we brought touchable fossils to preschoolers at the Island Children's School in West Tisbury.

In February we visited the 7th grade science classes of Ms. Lea Dorr in Oak Bluffs as they studied geology and the history of beach pebbles found on the Vineyard.

In February we served on the panel of judges at the MVRHS 2015 Science Fair. We also provided an MPRI Award which went to Patrick Best and Pearl Vercruysse.

In December we visited the MVRHS science class of Ms. Anna Cotton to incorporate SEA STARS into their studies of Island fisheries and Vineyard marine life.

In November MPRI Director Dr. Fred Hotchkiss received the Russel P. Stanhope Distinguished Friend of Science Award from the Massachusetts Association of Science Teachers (MAST), with huge thanks for being nominated by Tisbury 7th and 8th Grade Science Teacher Mrs. Connie Alexander.

Fossil Fred brought a carload of fossils to Mr. David Faber's 8th grade science classes, Wednesday, October 22, Edgartown School.

MPRI celebrated National Fossil Day on Martha’s Vineyard: Thursday October 16th in partnership with the Oak Bluffs Public Library and the National Parks Service. The event was free to all, and 230 children, parents, teachers and fossil enthusiasts participated.

We assisted in Archaeology ID Day at the Martha's Vineyard Museum, 30 August, and the public brought in great finds from around the Vineyard.

We presented a FAMILY-ORIENTED HANDS-ON-FOSSILS PROGRAM at the Edgartown Library on 5 August, with co-presenter biological oceanographer Wendy Culbert. Thirty-five persons, including 25 children, happily experienced fossils.

WE LED CITIZEN SCIENTIST volunteers doing horseshoe crab spawning surveys in May and June in Lake Tashmoo.

In May we visited the WEST TISBURY FOURTH GRADE classes of Rebecca Solway and Jen McHugh with buckets of sea water and LIVING SEA STARS

Horseshoe Crabs: A Story of Beach Trysts and Blue Bloods
3/20 at Oak Bluffs Library
3/25 at Vineyard Haven Library
4/9 at Chilmark Library
4/16 at Edgartown Library

MPRI was a sponsor of the Martha's Vineyard Regional High School
Science Fair,
8 February, 2014.

Looking back
Fossil Fred visited the 5th and 6th grade science classes of Ms Justen Walker and Ms Nicole Pereira on Monday, December 16th, 2013 in Westport, MA

Fossil Fred visited the West Tibury 1st grade class of Ms Tessa Wall on Friday, November 15, 2013

Looking back
the Fourth Annual NATIONAL FOSSIL DAY was celebrated at the OAK BLUFFS PUBLIC LIBRARY on Thursday, October 17, 2013, 4PM to 7:45PM. About 180 people came to the event.

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